Monday, May 1, 2017

Korean Peninsula

The Korean Peninsula is made up today of North Korea and South Korea.  But it used to just be Korea.

The Three Kingdoms of Korea fought amongst each other until they were finally unified.  The Joseon Dynasty was established in 1392 and it 1897 it proclaimed the Korean Empire.

Following the Russo-Japanese War, Korea was occupied by Japan in 1905.  Japan formally annexed the entire Korean Peninsula in 1910 which ended the Korean Empire.  Under Japanese control the Korean identity was suppressed.  The Korean language was not to be used and Koreans were forced to adopt Japanese surnames.

After WWII, Japan was forced to withdrawal from the entire peninsula.  The northern half was put under the influence of the Soviet Union and the southern half was allied to the USA.

In 1950, North Korea invaded South Korea.  The USA and other allies fought with South Korea.  While the Soviets provided money and weapons they did not send soldiers.  Chinese soldiers fought with the north and the Korean War lasted three years.  Technically the two countries are still at war because only an armistice was signed.

Communist North Korea is officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or DPRK.  The capital and largest city is Pyongyang.



Democratic South Korea is the Republic of Korea, or ROK.  Its capital and largest city is Seoul.




Here are a couple of pretty short videos I found on YouTube that talks about the history of the Korean Peninsula and the division between North Korea and South Korea.

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©Foreign Policy Association

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©WonderWhy

Night time in North and South Korea
North Korea is one of the most isolated countries on earth and, one day, I would actually like to go visit it.  I almost did a couple of years ago but the timing didn't work out.  There is always tension between the USA and North Korea but it has been heating up quite a bit lately so I'm sure it will be years before I ever actually get the chance to go.
In October we're going to South Korea with visits to Busan, Jeju City, and Seoul.  While in Seoul we'll visit the DMZ and the JSA.  Inside the DMZ, is the the Joint Security Area (JSA) at Panmunjom where the armistice was signed.  The JSA is under the control of the United Nations and inside the main conference room you are technically inside North Korea.  Not a real visit but this will be as close as I get for quite some time.

In anticipation of the trip I'm trying to refresh the few words of Korean I know.  I just hope that my Czech doesn't get me confused.  The last time I was in Crete and Cyprus, there were a few times that I wanted to say "no" and instinctively I said "ne", which is "no" in Czech.  But in Greek, "nai" means "yes".  
In Korean, "ne" is "yes" but it means "no" in Czech.  The Korean word for "no" is "ani-yo" which may mess with me because in Czech "ano" means "yes" while "jo" means "yeah".   Yeah, I know it's confusing.

One thing that I didn't know was just how easy the Korean alphabet is.  It was created by King Sejong in the 15th century so that everyday people could read and write.  It is a phonetic alphabet so it's not like Chinese where you need to learn thousands of characters.  Korean has 14 consonants and 10 vowels.  There are a couple of other bits but basically you just piece the sounds together to write out the words.  It's really pretty easy.    
I'm not actually learning Korean.  My goal is just to be able to read the subway and street signs.  Anything else I can read out but I won't know what I'm saying.  Here's a short video showing just how easy the Korean script is.

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©KoreanEnglish101.com

Sunday, April 30, 2017

People's Republic of China

In October is our long-awaited trip back to Asia.  After last year's visit to Hong Hong and Macau we wanted to check out China.  Pretty much everyone needs a tourist visa to visit China and for Americans it costs $140.  However, if you're only stopping through Beijing on your way to another country then you can visit the city for up to 72 hours visa free.  The plan is to spend three days in Beijing and then it's on to South Korea.  So here's a bit about China.    

The People's Republic of China中华人民共和国, was established in 1949 as a communist state after more than two decades of civil and international wars.

China is the largest country in Asia and the fourth-largest in the world after Russia, Canada, and the USA.  It borders Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam, plus the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

China is slightly smaller than the USA (counting Alaska and Hawaii).  With over 1,379 billion people it is the world's most populous country.  Beijing is the capital city and Shanghai with more than 23,7 million people is the largest city.

China is home to one of the world's earliest civilisations.  China was traditionally ruled by dynasties which were basically hereditary monarchies.  The last dynasty was replaced by a republic in 1912.  There was a civil war between the Nationalists and the Communists that was interrupted by WW2.  However, it continued after the war until the Communists took the mainland in 1949 and the Nationalists fled to Taiwan.  Here's a short 3-minute video I found out on YouTube about the Chinese Civil War.

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In 1978, economic liberalisation began and has given China one of the world's fastest-growing economies.  It is the world's largest exporter and the second-largest importer of goods.  China is a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council.  It also has the world's largest standing army.  Here's a video about how powerful the country is.

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©Test Tube News

The official name of China's currency is Renminbi which translates to "the people's currency".  A unit of Renminbi is the Yuan (¥).
China is a huge country and it is home to around 290 languages.  The Beijing dialect of Mandarin Chinese is the official language.  About 70% of the country's Chinese speakers speak Mandarin. The written characters have been used for thousands of years.  Even if people speak two different versions of Chinese, and can't understand each other, they can still communicate and be understood through writing.  Traditional characters are still used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, and overseas Chinese communities.  Simplified characters were introduced by the government in 1956 to replace the traditional ones.
  
In 1979, China implemented its one child policy in order to deal with its growing population.  In order to address the country's now rapidly ageing population and economic needs, as off 2016, couples are now allowed to have two children.
China has recently been building new islands in the South China Sea for military bases which are causing territorial disputes with neighbouring countries.  Here's a bit more detail about it.

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©Vox

China and Czechland have pretty good relations.  The presidents of each country have visited the other over the past couple of years and there's a strategic partnership agreement in place.  Here's a bit more about the economic relationship.

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©CCTV

Saturday, April 29, 2017

Tünde's 4th Birthday

It's hard to believe that Tünde turned four years old this week.  So today's adventure was her birthday party at Jump Park - the first trampoline park in central Europe.

Jump Park is actually a lot of fun.  There are trampolines connected to one another from wall to wall.  There's even a back area where you can jump or flip in to a foam pit.  It's quite the workout and it sure does take a lot of energy to keep up with a group of kids who all want to play.

We got there a little early so Tünde got to have a few minutes running around by herself before everyone else arrived.

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Instead of a birthday cake we went to Cupcakekárna and picked up an assortment of cup cakes for everyone.  They were a big hit.
I should look at having a team building at Jump Park although probably without the cup cakes.

Sunday, April 23, 2017

Museum of Romani Culture

Today's adventure was a visit to the Muzeum romské kultury, Museum of Romani Culture.  Located here in Brno, it the first and only, museum of Romani culture in Central Europe.  It was founded in 1991 and in December 2000 it moved to its current location in the centre of Brno's Roma neighbourhood.

Roma community flag

The museum's permanent exhibit focuses on the life, culture, and history of the Roma, with an emphasis on Czechland from 1945 to 1989.

The Roma are the people that, growing up in the USA, we would call Gypsies.  Cikán is the Czech word for Gypsy.

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©Test Tube News

The Roma came from Northern India and came to Europe about 1,000 years ago.  Today, there are about 12 million Roma across Europe but the highest percentages are primarily in Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Slovakia.  In Czech Republic only about 1,96% of the population is Roma.

The Roma face a lot of discrimination no mater where they are.  In communist Czechoslovakia there was a state policy of forced assimilation and there were many counts of sterilisation for Roma women designed to reduce the Roma population.  Some cases of sterilisation were reported up to until 2004.

Here's a video I found out on YouTube that talks about the Roma in Czech Republic.  The interviews are with Romodrom, which is a Czech Republic based Roma advocacy group.

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The museum s quite interesting and well worth a visit.  Here's a video about the museum that they put up on YouTube.
©Muzeum romské kultury

Saturday, April 22, 2017

Kometa Wins!

HC Kometa Brno is the local professional ice hockey team and they play in the Czech Extraliga.  On Wednesday night they won the top domestic league title.  The last time Kometa won was 51 years ago during the 1965-1966 season.

The club dates back to 1953 when it was founded as an Czechoslovak army club then called Rudá hvězda Brno, Red Star.  

In 1993, the Czechoslovak First Ice Hockey League split up following the Velvet Divorce and the Czech Extraliga was formed.  There are 14 teams in the league which is the top-level league in the country.

HC Kometa Brno has won 12 Czechoslovak, and Czech, championships and 3 European Cup titles.  They placed second in the league in 2012 and in 2014.  Ice hockey is a big deal here so there has been a lot of celebrating (i.e., drinking) going on since Wednesday when they beat Liberec for the championship.

I've only been to one Kometa pre-season match against St. Petersburg which was a lot of fun.  It's quite difficult to get tickets to matches as Kometa fans are very loyal.  Even when they're not playing well it's damn near impossible to score tickets.

There was a procession in the streets today and a big rally in the centre for the players.
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Monday, April 17, 2017

Brown Eggs vs. White Eggs

Happy Easter Monday!!  Veselé velikonoce!!

It's Easter time which means that it's easier to find white eggs in the market.  When I first moved to Brno, almost eight years ago, all I ever saw in the market were brown eggs.  Not very conducive for Easter egg colouring.

Over the years, it seems that white eggs have become more common.  I can find them if I look for them but I still think that brown eggs are the default here.

I know that in the USA, brown eggs cost more than white eggs because there white eggs are definitely the default colour.







I've honestly never looked to see if there's a price difference between brown eggs and white eggs in here in Czechland.  I just always buy brown eggs.

Gothenburg, Sweden

Gothenburg is home to more than 575,000 people making it the second largest city in Sweden.  There are more than one million people in the metro area.  Gothenburg is on the southwest coast about halfway between Copenhagen, Denmark and Oslo, Norway.  It is 500 km (311 miles) west of Stockholm and 300 km (186 miles) north of Malmö.


King Gustav II Adolf founded the city in 1621.
In Swedish, the city name is Göteborg which is pronounced "yeh-teh-BOR-e".  It is the only city in Sweden that has a different name in English.



Today, it's the home of Volvo and a student city.  With over 60,000 students, Gothenburg University is the largest in Scandinavia.




It's a beautiful city to just go for a walk in.  The Göta Canal was built in the early 19th century.

Gothenburg Cathedral belongs to the Church of Sweden.  It is also known as the Swedish Church and it was consecrated in 1815.

Christinae Church was consecrated in 1748.  It is known as the German Church as it was used by the the city's German and Dutch congregation.

The City Museum was established in 1861 and it is located in the 18th century East India House.  It covers everything from the Vikings to the present.





The Stora theatre opened in 1859.

The Gothenburg Synagogue opened in 1855 and sits 300 people.

The city theatre opened in 1934.

The Vasa Church was built in 1909.  It was restored in 1999-2000.

The city library opened in 1967.

Masthuggskyrkan is a 1914 church that doubles as a well-known landmark for sea navigation.

Gothenburg Concert Hall was built in 1935.  It is home to the city's symphony.

The Poseidon fountain was unveiled in 1931 and is located at Götaplatsen in front of the Museum of Art.  The square was inaugurated in 1923 celebrate the city's 300th anniversary.

The flowers in front of the fountain are in memory of the five people killed and 14 who were seriously injured in Stockholm terrorist incident on 7 April 2017 when a hijacked lorry was driven in to a crowd.

From 30 June 2017 to 31 January 2018, the city is hosting the Gothenburg Green World exhibition.  The Reincarnation, on display until the official opening, is made from 400 green bamboo poles.

Haga is the city's bohemian district with picturesque 19th century wooden houses.

Skansen Kronan is a fortress that was introduced in 1698.  It was never attacked and it never fired its cannons.  Until 2004 it was a military museum but now it is a private facility used for conferences and private parties.

The Haga Church belongs to the Church of Sweden.  It opened in 1859.

Liseberg is an amusement park that opened in 1923.  It has more than 30 different rides and is among the top ten amusement parks in the world.


The town hall is located in a building dating back to around 1670.  Until 2010 it was used as a court of law.  The newer extension was completed in 1936.



Feskekôra, fish church, opened in 1874. It's a fish market hall but it just happened to be built resembling a church.

It's a great place to grab a quick sandwich for lunch.

The Medical History Museum is located in a 200 year old former hospital.



The new opera house is located at the waterfront.  It opened in 1994 and seats 1300 people.



This is the Swedish Merchant Seaman Memorial.  Sweden was neutral in WWII but 200 merchant seaman were killed during the war.

The Lilla Bommen building opened in 1989.  Locals call it The Lipstick.

From 1850 to 1930, the old Customs House is where more than 1 million Swedish emigrants had to pass through on their way to lives in new countries.  Many went to the USA.

I had a great weekend in Gothenburg.  Highly recommended and it's on my list of places to come back to.